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Resilient Safer Approach to cope the oily waste generation in industrial facilities: lessons learned from Cuban installations

Author(s): David Javier Castro Rodriguez, Omar Gutiérrez Benitez, José Poma Rodriguez, Dayana Ribassa Ribassa, Orlando Viera Ribot, Emanuel Caslas Perez, Fulvia Chiampo, Alberto Godio, Micaela Demichela
More info: Nowadays, huge quantities of oily wastewater and oily solid wastes are associated with different industrial activities, which not only may harm the environment and human health but also a performance worsening of the installation. The goal of this study was to establish a resilient approach to cope with oily waste generation in industrial facilities. Several lessons learned from Cuban installations studied separately for ten years in the municipality of Cienfuegos were the cornerstone for the model definition. The approach included the development of a novel methodology to address integrated features of loss prevention in the operation of petroleum transport, storage, process, handling, and use. This methodology was designed and improved using the principle of convergence to integrate engineering procedures, standards, technical and management tools. The results from the methodology implementation generated a list of findings translated into industrial failures modes, that can impact both environment and human health. Then, a set of general and specific causes associated including the incidence of the natural events were deployed in different orders. The environmental monitoring around the plants offered a significant sample of points that allowed the spatial representation of how hydrocarbon pollution constitutes a complex network of permanent stress rooted in the territory of Cienfuegos. Moreover, a package of inherently safer solutions was generated as primary prevention, integrating the waste management hierarchy concept. At last, this iterative approach generated a research project to develop a bioremediation technique for the treatment of oily sludge from maintenance operations, which can be neither eliminated for the inherently safer solutions nor disposed to the environment. The lessons learned from Cuban installations enabled the conception of this resilient approach, which represents a framework to improve industrial safety performances contributing to the release reduction of oily waste. In addition, it represents a contribution to increasing the awareness of industrial vulnerabilities in the territorial resilience analysis.
2020 | Journal Articles
Resilient Safer Approach to cope the oily waste generation in industrial facilities: lessons learned from Cuban installations

Chiese abbandonate, chiese invisibili, chiese resilienti: storie di architetture ecclesiali, tra conoscenza e rigenerazione

Author(s): Andrea Longhi
More info: The essay highlights some crux of history and criticism of architecture concerning the destinies of underused, decommissioned and deconsecrated churches. The interpretation proposed in the paper follows a long-term processual perspective: the continued adaptivity of every Christian architecture is a founding element of the history of Christian architecture, an expression of communities, liturgies and cultures necessarily in transformation. The study of the architectures from the point of view of the client communities allows us to imagine different destinies for abandoned churches, thanks to a reactivation of diversified community stakeholders, who can propose sustainable and resilient projects and processes, in which the memory of the places is preserved, but in a dimension of regeneration of values and relational dynamics. 
2020 | Journal Articles
RELIGIONI E SOCIETÀ Rivista di scienze sociali della religione

Dynamic Models for Exploring the Resilience in Territorial Scenarios

Author(s): Vanessa Assumma, Marta Bottero, Giulia Datola, Elena De Angelis, Roberto Monaco
More info: The present paper focuses on the role covered by dynamic models as support for the decision-making process in the evaluation of policies and actions for increasing the resilience of cities and territories. In recent decades, urban resilience has been recognized as a dynamic and multidimensional phenomenon that characterizes urban and metropolitan area dynamics. Therefore, it may be considered a fundamental aspect of urban and territorial planning. The employment of quantitative methods, such as dynamic models, is useful for the prediction of the dynamic behavior of territories and of their resilience. The present work discusses the system dynamics model and the Lotka–Volterra cooperative systems and shows how these models can aid technicians in resilience assessment and also decision makers in the definition of policies and actions, especially if integrated in wide evaluation frameworks for urban resilience achievements. This paper aims to provide an epistemological perspective of the application of dynamic models in resilience assessment, underlying the possible contribution to this issue through the analysis of a real case study and methodological framework. The main objective of this work is to lay the basis for future compared applications of these two models to the same case study.
2020 | Journal Articles
Dynamic Models for Exploring the Resilience in Territorial Scenarios

Mainstreaming climate resilience: A GIS-based methodology to cope with cloudbursts in Turin, Italy

Author(s): Grazia Brunetta, Ombretta Caldarice, Martino Faravelli
More info: Cities play an increasingly significant role in the challenges posed by climate change, mainly due to their role in economic and demographic drivers. It is generally agreed that the intensification of climate change effects, such as extreme weather events, requires strengthening in the mechanisms of adaptation and the endogenous self-organization of urban systems. An operative way to adapt is by mainstreaming climate resilience, i.e., the iterative process of integrating climate change considerations into policymaking, budgeting, implementation, and monitoring processes at national and subnational levels. This paper falls under this heading, and it aims at building an innovative methodology to experiment with data-driven approaches to support the resilient transition of the city of Turin in Italy. The process aims to create territorial knowledge of specific weather phenomenon, that cloudburst events are, by filling the gap of existing hazard information with original vulnerability datasets. The proposed approach will create a hydraulic vulnerability map by identifying cloudburst vulnerable areas with a GIS-based spatial overlay. The paper will employ an array of datasets combined with original modelling techniques elaborated with the help of the open-source InVEST (Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs) software program. The results allow us to understand what would happen if the urban water network failed to discharge during a phenomenon of intense rain and, consequently, which city areas should undergo adaptation and transformation to reduce their flooding vulnerability.
2022 | Journal Articles
Mainstreaming climate resilience: A GIS-based methodology to cope with cloudbursts in Turin, Italy

Good practices for conservation historical architectural facades: "Piano di manutenzione delle superfici di facciata del centro storico di Saluzzo"

Author(s): Silvia Beltramo
More info: XXXIV Convegno Internazionale Scienza e Beni Culturali, Bressanone 2018 contributo con Paolo Bovo
2018 | Book Section
Good practices for conservation historical architectural facades: "Piano di manutenzione delle superfici di facciata del centro storico di Saluzzo"

Pianificare la post-carbon city per la resilienza dei territori

Author(s): Grazia Brunetta
More info: Negli ultimi decenni stiamo assistendo a scala planetaria ad una debole o pressoché nulla capacità di risposta dei territori agli eventi causati dalla dinamica sistemica in atto del cambiamento climatico. Gli effetti rilevanti del cambiamento climatico sono il prodotto della frammentazione degli ambienti naturali e della crescente vulnerabilità dei suoli, conseguenti alle intense e progressive dinamiche di urbanizzazione in atto. L’attuale modello di sviluppo - prioritariamente fondato sullo sfruttamento intensivo ed estensivo delle risorse naturali - è ancora oggi sostenuto da una dinamica di urbanizzazione in incremento a scala globale, fortemente dipendente da fonti energetiche fossili. Nonostante siano trascorsi trenta anni dalla Conferenza ONU di Rio de Janeiro (1992) che introdusse il concetto culturale di sviluppo sostenibile e portò alla condivisione internazionale della necessità di dare avvio a politiche per ridurre le emissioni di “gas serra”, il concetto di post-carbon city, ovvero di città a neutralità climatica, è relativamente recente nelle strategie internazionali.
2022 | Book Section
Pianificare la post-carbon city per la resilienza dei territori