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Inside-outside park planning: A mathematical approach to assess and support the design of ecological connectivity between Protected Areas and the surrounding landscape

Author(s): Angioletta Voghera, Gabriella Negrini, Emma Paola Germana Salizzoni, Roberto Monaco, Ana Jacinta Soares
More info: An effective biodiversity conservation in Protected Areas (PAs) requires that they are seen as part of larger ecosystems and that the ecological connectivity is maintained beyond PA administrative boundaries. The study of ecological processes that link PAs to their surrounding landscapes is thus of great importance to understand which actions should be implemented to promote inside-outside ecological connectivity. In this paper, we used a system of indicators and a mathematical model (PANDORA model) to describe in a quantitative way the present and the foreseen ecological state of a Regional Nature Park (Parc Naturel Régional de la Montagne de Reims) and its surrounding area. The landscape ecological quality was assessed in terms of the capability of the system to transmit its biological energy all around its territory, thus highlighting the degree of ecological connectivity in landscapes situated both inside and outside the Park. The outcomes showed how the areas situated outside the Park are characterized by a less positive evolutionary trajectory with respect to those situated inside the Park. This is mainly due to urbanization processes that are taking place precisely outside the Parks' boundary. To avoid the risk of Park's “insularization”, the need and ways of developing integrated inside-outside planning and management policies, both by the Park Authority and external authorities, is highlighted. The mathematical approach presented here could be replicated also in other PAs, to sustain and address an integrated spatial planning of PAs and their context.
2020 | Journal Articles
Inside-outside park planning: A mathematical approach to assess and support the design of ecological connectivity between Protected Areas and the surrounding landscape

Wind Turbines and Rooftop Photovoltaic Technical Potential Assessment: Application to Sicilian Minor Islands

Author(s): Claudio Moscoloni, Fernando Zarra, Riccardo Novo, Enrico Giglio, Alberto Vargiu, Guglielmina Mutani, Giovanni Bracco, Giuliana Mattiazzo
More info: In order to achieve climate goals and limit the global temperature rise, an increasing share of renewable-energy sources (RESs) is required. However, technologies for the use of RESs need to be integrated into the landscape and ecological heritage to ensure a fully sustainable energy transition. This work aims to develop a scalable technique for integrating the estimation of rooftop PV and wind potential into spatial planning, providing a framework to support decision-makers in developing energy policies. The methodology is applied to the minor Sicilian islands, which are characterised by significant environmental and landscape constraints. The methodology is used to identify the areas eligible for the installation of onshore wind turbines and the usable roof surfaces for the installation of PV systems. It is shown that the available technical potential of rooftop PV installations could ensure a higher production than the actual consumption on 13 of the 14 islands studied. Nevertheless, efforts must be made to improve the legal framework, which currently places major limits on the use of wind energy.
2022 | Journal Articles
Wind Turbines and Rooftop Photovoltaic Technical Potential Assessment: Application to Sicilian Minor Islands

A multi-discipline method to assess the human performance in manufacturing industry for safety and quality optimization

Author(s): Lorenzo Comberti, Micaela Demichela, Maria Chiara Leva
More info: Nowadays the majority of organizations operating in manufacturing field recognize the importance ...of including the Human Factor contribution in the industrial process optimization (Hong et al. 2007). Technical measures and work organization procedures have been optimized in order to reduce the defects and waste generation but the Human Performance prediction still represents for Managers a difficult task to deal with.The prediction of the human performances of all workers involved in a production system would help Managers in better allocating the human resources. In order to reach this objective, a model to quantify the human capability of managing a complex task in a working context characterized by a set of physical, organizational and cognitive factors was designed.This paper presents the preliminary results of a three years industry/academia partnership project to assess the human performance in manufacturing plant. A multi-discipline approach involving both technical and individual factors was adopted.
2018 | Conference Proceedings
A multi-discipline method to assess the human performance in manufacturing industry for safety and quality optimization

Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon-Polluted Soil: Evaluation of Different Operative Parameters

Author(s): David Javier Castro Rodriguez, Omar Gutiérrez Benitez, Enmanuel Casals-Pérez, Micaela Demichela, Alberto Godio, Fulvia Chiampo
More info: The bioremediation of soils polluted with hydrocarbons demonstrated to be a simple and cheap technique, even if it needs a long time. The current paper shows the application of statistical analysis, based on two factors involved in the biological process at several levels. We focus on the Design of Experiments (DOE) to determine the number and kind of experimental runs, whereas the use of the categorical factors has not been widely exploited up to now. This method is especially useful to analyze factors with levels constituted by categories and define the interaction effects. Particularly, we focused on the statistical analysis of (1) experimental runs carried out at laboratory scale (test M, in microcosm), on soil polluted with diesel oil, and (2) bench scale runs (test B, in biopile), on refinery oil sludge mixed with industrial or agricultural biodegradable wastes. Finally, the main purpose was to identify the factor’s significance in both the tests and their potential interactions, by applying the analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results demonstrate the robustness of the statistical method and its quality, especially when at least one of the factors cannot be defined with a numerical value.
2022 | Journal Articles
Bioremediation of Hydrocarbon-Polluted Soil: Evaluation of Different Operative Parameters

Le vulnerabilità territoriali

Author(s): Grazia Brunetta, Ombretta Caldarice
More info: Progetto Rinascita Centro Italia. Nuovi sentieri di sviluppo per l’Appennino Centrale interessato dal sisma del 2016
2022 | Book Section
Le vulnerabilità territoriali

Cantieri di castelli e cultura architettonica nei processi di formazione del Ducato di Savoia

Author(s): Andrea Longhi
More info: 1416: Savoie, bonnes nouvelles. Studi di storia sabauda nel 600° anniversario del Ducato di Savoia
2022 | Book Section
Cantieri di castelli e cultura architettonica nei processi di formazione del Ducato di Savoia